Bio-Politics and the Emergence of Modern Architecture (FORuM Project Publications)


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הוצאת Princeton Architectural Press

Looking at mid-twentieth-century Kenya, this talk examines, firstly, how media, architecture, and aesthetics supported the merging of civilian and military functions within the colonial settler's person and practices, and, secondly, how architecture and media helped transform the displaced--the colonized--into biopolitical agents of territorial management. Underlying this history is the unsettling ambiguity of modern constructs of citizenship, which are often founded on notions of the political self as an agent of territorial proprietorship.

Ginger Nolan is a historian and theorist of architecture and urbanism.

An extensive overview of the history, motivations, successes, and failures of the Modernist movement in architecture, offering invaluable and unparalleled context on an already widely published topic. One of the most complete and relevant books on modern architecture, in the fourth edition Frampton added a major new section to his masterpiece that explores the effects of globalization on architecture all over the world.

This book documents and analyzes ten of Palladio's surviving villas in terms of their relationship with their natural surroundings.

Participants | Institute of Advanced Studies (IAS) - UCL - London's Global University

The most influential architectural manifestos from to , collected here in chronological order. An editorial design accomplishment by itself, this book interweaves historical research with interviews with some of the most prominent architects from Japanese Metabolism movement. Todd Gannon sheds light on one of architecture's most influential critics, giving readers context to the man and opinions behind the writings. From his tentative enthusiasm for Archigram to his views on the high-tech architecture of the 80s and 90s, his opinions need not be a mystery.

A compilation of Piranesi's etchings of prisons, Le Carceri represents not only a huge artistic accomplishment but also a milestone on architectural perception with its numerous vaults, staircases and other ambiguous structures. This classic examines how architecture defines our understanding of space - and how buildings are sometimes indifferent participants in the urban environment. In Zevi's capable hands the components of architecture come alive, offering an illuminating and provocative perspective on the field of architecture. The popular image of the architect is one of ego and power - but as any practicing architect will tell you, this is rarely at best the truth.

Architecture depends on just about everything: the client, contractors, code, materials, zoning, budget…how much of a building is actually designed by the designer? This book investigates the gap between architecture's dependent nature and the aggressive perfectionism with which we pursue our work.

As a sidenote: Reinier de Graaf touches on similar ideas in his recent book Four Walls and a Roof - but read Till first! By analysing the relation between cinema, art, and architecture through the lens of existential spaces, Pallasmaa dives into the work of Alfred Hitchcock, Stanley Kubrick, Michelangelo Antonioni, and Andrei Tarkovsky and how they used architectural imagery to create emotional states. Are We Human?

This book explores the bases of design from the very antique tools to the new digital era to propose new theories that allow us to rethink the way we design. The authors carry out a historical journey that narrates the social role of architects and planners until the current era of globalization. The book is an inescapable reference for thinking about contemporary art and architecture. From nomadic architecture to underground sewerage landscapes, this book examines the possibilities of architecture outside of how it is normally viewed and discussed.

David Harvey identify different contexts to create a great panorama of The condition of Postmodernity. Krista Sykes. Critical architectural theory from the mids to now.

LOUIS P. NELSON

Inspired by ceaseless fluctuations of the early 21st Century, it bears the marks of globalism and the market, ideological siblings that, over the past twenty years, have undercut the stability of contemporary life. Basically, the work that made Rem Koolhaas famous. This book exposes the consistency and coherence of the seemingly unrelated episodes of Manhattan's urbanism focusing on its "culture of congestion.

You're unlikely to find this book on any typical architecture reading lists, but that doesn't make it any less essential. Robert Bevan guides the reader through the architectural landscape in times of and after conflict, giving words to what we know but don't often say: that the built environment has cultural and personal significance that stretches far beyond shelter. The levelling of buildings in war is less often the byproduct of hostilities than it is the hostilities themselves.

Model making of MODERN ARCHITECTURE VILLA - PART 1 of 2

The active and systematic erasure of an urban landscape is the strategic and levelling of identity, culture, and people. Beatriz Colomina studies the phenomenon of postwar architecture as well as the factors that helped to build the idea of modern architecture based on the work of Charles and Ray Eames. Seventeen conversations with practitioners from the fields of architecture, policy, activism, design, education, and research, speculating on the future direction of the architectural profession.

It is a critical tour about concepts for living in seven iconic twentieth-century homes. This book provides students and professional architects with the basic elements of architectural design, divided into twenty-six easy-to-comprehend chapters. A selection of articles that address the notion of the ordinary in architecture over the last 40 years. The section is the greatest and most legible tool of architecture - who among us did not grow up entranced by the cut sections of buildings such as the Pantheon or Kowloon Walled City?

This book is the grown up answer to our childhood fascinations, offering detailed drawings of contemporary works. Essays offer invaluable insight into not just the buildings selected but to the idea of the section itself. An excellent selection of authors and prevailing subjects. This book studies how architectural production is popularized and inclined to design erotic spaces based on a specific context, demonstrating how different factors of modern culture shaped the places we inhabit.

According to Habraken, architects consider the context to be the 'ordinary' into which they are challenged to produce the 'extraordinary. Without a clear counterpoint, how can architects situate concepts of innovation in architecture? The great Brazilian geographer presents an alternative theory of globalization. The most famous architectural critic offers an architectural dictionary to understand how we live spaces.

This book brings Gautherot's photos about the construction of the building of Brasilia with essays by Kenneth Frampton. Richard Rogers presents a program of action for the future of cities. It demonstrates the influence of architecture and urban planning on everyday lives, and warns of the impact modern cities can have on the environment. MIT's Senseable City Lab remains at the cutting edge of urban design, placing designers in future scenarios to steer human progress.

Freely available

Solomon, Clara Wong. An amazing illustrated vision in a crowded urban centre and how its exploit its most limited resources —soil— at its best expression. Grand urban visions may make for compelling theory and research, but how often do they succeed in practice? Collage city offers a more nuanced view on urbanism - one that is as patchworked and diverse as urban societies themselves.

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This book pioneered the concept of townscape. The city is an extension of nature and the urban projects must be in tune with this same nature. The book is the result of extensive interdisciplinary research, as well as the author's extensive experience as a landscape architect. Leonardo Benevolo describes the basic history of the man-made environment in Europe.

If you are interested in urban form issues, this analysis of different cities explains the characteristics of the open system and closed spaces. The geographer Michael Batty presents the new vision about cities as systems of network an flows. Economist Edward Glaeser explains how and why cities shape the economy, including how the ways we develop and build we affect the future of cities' inhabitants. In The Urban Apparatus, Reinhold Martin analyzes urbanization and the contemporary city in aesthetic, socio-economic and political-political terms. The title should be enough to perk the ears of any hard-working architect.

The over production of agriculture made it possible for people to achieve a degree of autonomy from the landlord or emperor to become a free citizen of the self-organized city. In order to sustain their life they produced goods and traded them. This model of the economy gave the cities of the Middle Ages their name: the mercantile city. In the 16th and 17th centuries, something started the change between the more or less equally distributed confetti of cites. Emperors like the Austrian Kaiser and the French Kings moved their royal courts to Vienna and Paris and after the Popes moved to Rome, turning mercantile cities into capitol cities.

With the beginning of the formation of the modern nation state and its accumulation of its capital towards one center, a new form of administration and the rise of economic concentration had to follow and the fortified cities of the Middle Ages with their walls become questionable.

What he concludes is that many cities like Richelieu were built on the form of the Roman camp.


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Foucault, Security, Territory, Population, Foucault, p. In plan, this emphasis on the macro logic of the camp can be seen in the subdivision of squares into smaller squares, each time scaling the roads to always smaller and smaller spaces of circulation. In a very detailed description of the subdivision of the squares from large to small, Foucault describes how this scaling of rectangles had a direct relationship to the width of the streets.

On one end of the city the spaces are wide and the blocks are big, while at the other end, the block and the streets are narrow. For Foucault, this is an indication that circulation was especially needed where shops, businesses, and craftspeople were located, but in areas where the people lived, more space should be provided. It is interesting to mention here, that the location of the camp was of enormous importance for the Romans.

In Vitruvius, location is a guarantee of the wellbeing of future inhabitants:. Such a site will be high, neither misty nor frosty, and in a climate neither hot nor cold, but temperate; further, without marshes in the neighborhood. For when the morning breezes blow toward the town at sunrise, if they bring with them mists from marshes and, mingled with the mist, the poisonous breath of the creatures of the marshes to be wafted into the bodies of the inhabitants, they will make the site unhealthy.

Our ancestors, when about to build a town or an army post, sacrificed some of the cattle that were wont to feed on the site proposed and examined their livers. If the livers of the first victims were dark-colored or abnormal, they sacrificed others, to see whether the fault was due to disease or their food. They never began to build defensive works in a place until after they had made many such trials and satisfied themselves that good water and food had made the liver sound and firm. Secondly, it guaranteed trades for all kind of goods.

Thirdly the layout of the camp connected its inner streets to the territorial hinterland and other cities without giving up its customs control. Finally, this layout served as a surveillance regime, since, as Foucault explains, the town was no longer protected at night, and where trade was allowed to continue, crime would also have to be regulated. This management of flows is the condition for what Foucault calls the constitution of a milieu. The milieu becomes the spatial manifestation of a bio-politics. All its necessary administration starts to operate as an apparatus for the security of the population at large.

Its aim is to govern the human species as a biological entity, a population within its urban ecology. With this transformation of the urban environment into a field of bio-political governance, we also see the demand for the management of this space of circulation —this milieu. G von Justi are published. Foucault quotes P. Originally: P. Hilscherum Having established this mandate for polizeywissenschaften Foucault goes on to name five points that defined the responsibilities of the police to ensure this right balance between the population within a territory, its wellbeing, and the best possible development for the state at large.

Background

The first task of the police was a kind of census: to measure the population in relationship to the territory, its available natural resources, its commercial activities, while at the same time securing the wealth of the citizens within the territory. The second role of the police was that of inspection: to investigate the needs of food, housing, clothing, and heating. These necessities aimed to ensure that a population could feed itself and have enough support to reproduce itself and sustain life after giving birth. In Short the police controlled the circulation of foodstuffs.

Bio-Politics and the Emergence of Modern Architecture (FORuM Project Publications) Bio-Politics and the Emergence of Modern Architecture (FORuM Project Publications)
Bio-Politics and the Emergence of Modern Architecture (FORuM Project Publications) Bio-Politics and the Emergence of Modern Architecture (FORuM Project Publications)
Bio-Politics and the Emergence of Modern Architecture (FORuM Project Publications) Bio-Politics and the Emergence of Modern Architecture (FORuM Project Publications)
Bio-Politics and the Emergence of Modern Architecture (FORuM Project Publications) Bio-Politics and the Emergence of Modern Architecture (FORuM Project Publications)
Bio-Politics and the Emergence of Modern Architecture (FORuM Project Publications) Bio-Politics and the Emergence of Modern Architecture (FORuM Project Publications)
Bio-Politics and the Emergence of Modern Architecture (FORuM Project Publications) Bio-Politics and the Emergence of Modern Architecture (FORuM Project Publications)

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